N. Korea’s Kim Jong Un Gets Marshal Title
PYONGYANG – Hundreds of soldiers danced in Pyongyang’s plazas after North Korea announced that leader Kim Jong Un was named marshal, a title cementing his status atop the authoritarian nation’s military as he makes key changes to the 1.2 million-man force.
State media said in a special noon bulletin Wednesday that North Korea’s military, government and political leadership had decided to award the top title to Kim, who already is supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army. It solidifies Kim’s standing seven months into his rule and follows several days of reshuffling at the highest levels of the military.
His new military vanguard — led by a vice marshal introduced Wednesday as the nation’s next army chief — presided over a meeting of officers and defense officials attended by The Associated Press.
Hyon Yong Chol, promoted to vice marshal on Monday, was introduced as the chief of the General Staff of the Korean People’s Army. He replaces Ri Yong Ho, the vice marshal whose dismissal was announced Monday as being due to illness.
It was a pointed changing of the guard. Ri served in high-ranking military and political posts under Kim’s father, the late Kim Jong Il, and guided Kim Jong Un throughout his succession process. Hyon is a younger, lesser-known figure whose background remains unclear.
Inside the April 25 House of Culture, officers applauded and cheered the news of Kim Jong Un’s ascension to the top military post. In the plaza outside, hundreds of soldiers and students brought to the hall to celebrate twirled, danced and sang patriotic songs, some waving the flags of the army and the nation.
Such “dancing parties” typically are organized to celebrate major events in North Korea, and the day is likely to be marked in the years ahead as a military milestone for Kim Jong Un. Each song has its own choreographed set of steps, much like Scottish folk dances or American square dancing.
“I am pleased that our cherished desire came into reality,” Kim Jong Gum, a student at the Kang Pan Sok Revolutionary School dressed in a military uniform, told AP. “July 18th: This day will be remembered in our hearts as another meaningful and auspicious day.”
The title of marshal — held previously by Kim’s father and grandfather, North Korea founder Kim Il Sung — is “another brick in the wall of consolidating Kim Jong Un’s power, across party, state and military institutions,” said John Delury, a North Korea analyst at Yonsei University in South Korea.
“In the wake of Ri’s stepping down, it takes on added significance,” he said. “Titles, of course, do not ensure authority. But the regime would appear to be closing ranks around their young leader.”
One by one, Kim Jong Un has collected top posts in the military and party, including first chairman of the National Defense Commission, first secretary of the ruling Workers’ Party, chairman of the party’s Central Military Commission and member of the Presidium of the Political Bureau. He was made supreme commander of the military in December, just days after his father’s death from a heart attack.
It remains unclear how the military reshuffle will affect North Korea’s tense relationship with its neighbors and the United States, which stations more than 28,000 troops in ally South Korea.
The South Korean and U.S. militaries have stepped up their monitoring of North Korea’s military in the wake of Ri’s dismissal, but they’ve seen no suspicious activities, according to Seoul’s Defense Ministry.
Little is known about Hyon, the new army chief. He joined the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party, a key decision-making body, in September 2010, and was on the funeral committee for Kim Jong Il — two strong indicators of his rise in stature.
He is among four generals promoted to vice marshal since Kim Jong Un took over.
Kim Jong Il held the title marshal until he was posthumously made “generalissimo” — the nation’s top military title — in February, shortly before what would have been his 70th birthday. He had been named marshal 20 years earlier when North Korea founder Kim Il Sung was promoted to generalissimo.
As leader, the young Kim has continued to maintain his father’s policy of “songun,” or military first, and has sought to inspire loyalty with visits to military units, often with Ri, the ex-army chief, at his side. However, he also has made building up the economy a priority and has promoted officials with economic expertise. – AP